Design your own Renewable Energy Systems
Renewable Energy Solutions.... use wind and solar energy to reduce your power bills or completely eliminate them.
Living off the Grid..... newsletter that helps with off grid living, renewable energy, solar panels, and how to build your own homemade wind generator.
Wind Energy Guide....an informative guide to wind power and battery systems.
Teach yourself Solar Power.... build your own solar power system with this easy to follow guide.
Eco-Friendly Fuel Systems
Convert your car to run on water....drive your car using water as fuel while reducing emissions and preventing global warming.
Alternative Fuel Systems.... Learn how to run your car on water, hydrogen fuel systems, make biodiesel, and save money.
Make your own Biodiesel.....run your car on this environmental friendly fuel.
How to Save Money on your Energy Bills
Ultimate Gas Saver Guide....cut your gas spending in half.
Cut your Heating and Electric Bills in Half....homeowners, landlords, and renters looking to save.
Green Business Opportunities
Secrets of Battery Reconditioning....transform totally dead batteries to 100% charge capacity.
Socially Responsible Recycling Business....learn the secrets to recycling cell phones and protect the environment.
Clean Energy Grants from the US Government
Learn about Renewable Energy Grants from the US Government....tutorial for writing grants and getting funds for clean energy programs from the government.
Federal Grant Sources....search for renewable energy grants for your state.
Wave power refers to the energy of the ocean surface waves and the capture of that energy to do useful work, including electricity generation, desalination, and the pumping of water. Wave power is a form of renewable energy. Wave power is usually mentioned in the same breath as tidal power and the steady flow of ocean currents, but is distinct itself. The north and south temperate zones have the best sites for capturing wave power. The prevailing westerlies in these zones blow strongest in winter.
Waves are generated by wind passing over the sea: as long as the waves propagate slower than the wind speed just above the waves, there is an energy transfer from the wind to the most energetic waves. Both air pressure differences between the upwind and the lee side of a wave crest, as well as friction on the water surface by the wind shear stress cause the growth of the waves. The wave height increases with increasing wind speed, duration since the wind started to blow, and of the fetch. In general, large waves are more powerful. Specifically, wave power is determined by wave height, wave speed, wavelength, and water density.
Wave size is determined by wind speed and the distance over which the wind excites the waves and by the depth and topography of the seafloor which can focus or disperse the energy of the waves. A given wind speed has a matching practical limit over which time or distance will not produce larger waves. This limit is called a fully developed sea.
Oscillatory motion is highest at the surface and diminishes exponentially with depth. However, for standing waves near a reflecting coast, wave energy is also present as pressure oscillations at great depth, producing microseisms. These pressure fluctuations at greater depth are too small to be interesting from the point of view of wave power.
The waves propagate on the ocean surface, and the wave energy is also transported horizontally with the group velocity. The mean transport rate of the wave energy through a vertical plane of unit width, parallel to a wave crest, is called the wave energy flux.
Wave power devices are generally categorized by the method used to capture the energy of the waves. They can also be categorized by location and power take-off system. Method types are point absorber or buoy; surfacing following or attenuator; terminator, lining perpendicular to wave propagation; oscillating water column; and overtopping. Locations are shoreline, nearshore and offshore. Types of power take-off include: hydraulic ram, elastomeric hose pump, pump-to-shore, hydroelectric turbine, air turbine, and linear electrical generator. Some of these designs incorporate parabolic reflectors as a means of increasing the wave energy at the point of capture.
Good wave power locations have a flux of about 50 kilowatts per metre of shoreline. Capturing 20 percent of this, or 10 kilowatts per meter, is plausible. Assuming very large scale investment in wave power technology, coverage of 3500 miles of shoreline is plausible. Therefore, the potential for shoreline-based wave power is tremendous. Deep water wave power resources are truly enormous, with technological advances of the future, we will be able to harness this energy on a truly worldwide scale.
To read our chapter that covers all of our renewable energy sources, please visit our clean renewable energy page.